Under Sections 1-4 of the Planning (Listed Buildings & Conservation Areas) Act 1990, a Listed Building is designated as a building of special architectural or historic interest.
They are split into 3 categories:
- Grade 1 - Buildings of exceptional interest and often national interest
- Grade 2 - Outstanding buildings often of regional interest
- Grade 3 - Important buildings of special interest.
Listed buildings in East Hampshire
Within the 200 square miles of East Hampshire, there are over 1630 statutory listed buildings (this includes 15 grade 1 buildings and 71 grade 2 buildings) which demonstrates the area's rich heritage.
Listed buildings span a diverse range of structures including modest cottages, barns, country houses, telephone boxes, memorials etc.
Who decides a building deserves to be listed?
The decision to statutory list a building is not made by East Hampshire District Council.
Historic England will make a recommendation to the Secretary of State for the Department of Culture Media and Sport, who has the final say.
The listed buildings process
Anyone can request a building to be listed.
It is important to include as much information about the building as possible including:
- a location plan or national grid reference
- name and contact details of the owner
- up to date photographs of the main elevations of the building
- date of construction
- name of architect
- any historical information or specialised functions
- group value
- details of interior features of interest
- references to published sources of information
- a justification as to why the building should be added to the list.
The listing process can take several months. If you believe the building is at risk or under threat, please state this in the listing request.
An initial assessment is made based on the information provided.
If the building is considered a worthy candidate, arrangements will be made for an Historic England Inspector to view the property and make a more detailed evaluation.
As soon as the Secretary of State approves the listing, the building has protection and listed building consent is required for alterations.
How does being listed protect a building?
The listing status covers a building or structure in its entirety - internally and externally, as well as structures which are fixed to it or situated within the grounds (legally referred to as curtilage); such as walls and outbuildings.
Works to alter, demolish or extend will require a special form of permission known as listed building consent in addition to normal planning and building control requirements.
Undertaking work without the appropriate listed building consent is a criminal offence and may result in prosecution.
If you believe unauthorised works are being carried out then, please contact the Planning Compliance Team on 01730 234305.
If you want to find out if your building is listed then you can initially check the online map.
If you require a copy of a Listed Building description, please contact the Heritage team on 01730 234027.
Alternatively, Historic England has a list of all listed building descriptions which are available to download and print.